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Application of environmentally sound technologies for adaptation to climate change: technical paper
This technical paper provides an overview of (i) the current knowledge and understanding of adaptation to climate change, (ii) a framework for assessing technologies for adaptation to climate change, (iii) the process of technology development and transfer as relevant to adaptation to climate change, (iv) examples of important technologies for adaptation in five sectors (coastal zones, water resources, agriculture, public health, and infrastructure), together with three case studies for each sector, and (v) a synthesis of findings that have implications for climate policy. The paper argues that many technologies exist to adapt to natural weather related hazards and that these technologies can also play an important part in reducing vulnerability to climate change. Hard and soft technologies are available to develop information and raise awareness, to plan and design adaptation strategies, to implement adaptation strategies, and to monitor and evaluate their performance. The paper provides examples of technologies that can be employed to accomplish them.