After 10 years of civil war and political instability, Burundi is since 2008 finally on the road to recovery. However, despite economic growth, two thirds of the population still live in poverty today. A very high population density, high unemployment, a gaping gulf between rich and poor, over-exploitation of the abundant natural resources and a low agricultural production: all these factors confront the country with important challenges. Despite its many water sources, only 56% of the country’s population has access to basic drinking water services and only 50% of Burundians have access to basic sanitation services. Since 1998, Protos runs several development programmes for rural drinking water supplies, basic sanitation and local integrated water and land resources management.