Thanks to strong centralised governance, Rwanda, land of a thousand hills, has seen a spectacular economic growth and some major social changes in the past few years. Yet, there is still a long way to go: 44% of the population live in poverty. The use of inappropriate farming techniques on the steep slopes, combined with torrential rains, is provoking rapid soil degradation and low harvest yields. Yet, 80% of the population are directly dependent on agriculture. 57% of the population has access to basic drinking water services and 62% has a latrine nearby. Protos has been active in Rwanda since 1997, providing rural drinking water systems and local integrated water and land resources management.